Gustav Mahler

Also known as マーラー, Г. Малер, Густав Малер, Малер, G. Mahler, G.Mahler, Gustave Mahler, Gustax Mahler, Mahler, Malher

Short biography of Gustav Mahler: Austrian composer and conductor.

He was born 7 July 1860 in Kalischt, Bohemia (today Kaliště, Czech Republic) and died 18 May 1911 in Vienna, Austria.

Gustav Mahler (German pronunciation: [ˈɡʊstaf ˈmaːlɐ]; was a late-Romantic Austrian-Bohemian composer and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer, he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 the music was discovered and championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century.

Born in humble circumstances, Mahler showed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism from Judaism to secure the post—experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Wagner and Mozart. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York's Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

Mahler's œuvre is relatively small—for much of his life composing was a part-time activity, secondary to conducting—and is confined to the genres of symphony and song, except for one piano quartet. Most of his ten symphonies are very large-scale works, several of which employ soloists and choirs in addition to augmented orchestral forces. These works were often controversial when first performed, and were slow to receive critical and popular approval; an exception was the triumphant premiere of his Eighth Symphony in 1910. Mahler's immediate musical successors were the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among later 20th-century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Institute was established in 1955, to honour the composer's life and work.

Also on the Web you may find Gustav Mahler by links below:
  1. http://www.gustav-mahler.org/
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustav_Mahler
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Full discography of Gustav Mahler:

Choose albums/releases of Gustav Mahler

Click to title of release to looking the track list of the release
# Album cover Album title Tracks amount Download album in mp3? Official release date Production label
1 Symphony No. 1 5
mp3, CD
1987 London Classics
2 Symphony No. 2 6
mp3, CD
1989 EMI Classics
3 Classikon 40: Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde 7
mp3, CD
1994
4 Classikon 38: Mahler: Symphonie No. 1 / Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen 10
mp3, CD
1994
5 Lieder 17
mp3, CD
2004 Deutsche Grammophon
6 Eine Alpensinfonie / Sinfonie Nr. 3 8
mp3, CD
1992 Archiphon
7 Symphony No. 5 In C Sharp Minor 5
mp3, CD
1992 Naxos
8 Symphony No.6 / Ein Heldenleben 15
mp3, CD
1996 EMI Classics
9 Symphony No.5 5
mp3, CD
1998 EMI Classics
10 Symphony No. 9 4
mp3, CD
2002 EMI Classics
11 Symphony No. 5 5
mp3, CD
2002 EMI Classics
12 Symphony No 6 4
mp3, CD
2003 LSO Live
13 Symphony No.8 18
mp3, CD
2006 Decca
14 Untitled 6
mp3, CD
1992 Arcade
15 Mahler: 10 Symphonien 192
mp3, CD
1995 Deutsche Grammophon
16 The Symphonies Vol. III - Symphony No. 5 4
mp3, CD
1994 Berlin Classics
17 Symphony No.2 'Resurrection' 12
mp3, CD
2000-02-07 EMI Classics
18 Le Chant De La Terre 6
mp3, CD
1961
19 Symphonie No.1 "Titan" 3
mp3, CD
1964
20 Sinfonie Nr.5 Cis-Moll / 5 Rückert-Lieder 12
mp3, CD
EMI Electrola
21 Symphony No. 7 5
mp3, CD
2006 Warner Classics
22 Symphonie No.5 8
mp3, CD
2007-01-00
23 Das Lied Von Der Erde 6
mp3, CD
1998-10-05 EMI Classics
24 Das Lied Von Der Erde 6
mp3, CD
1984-02-00 Deutsche Grammophon
25 Symphony No. 2 · ("Resurrection") 11
mp3, CD
1987 EMI Digital
26 Symphony No.1 4
mp3, CD
1964 Decca
27 Symphonie No. 6 4
mp3, CD
1980 Deutsche Grammophon
28 Kindertotenlieder / Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen 9
mp3, CD
29 Symphony Nr. 1 "Der Titan" / Rückert-Lieder 11
mp3, CD
Eloquence
30 Das Lied Von Der Erde 6
mp3, CD
1983 CBS Masterworks
31 Levine Conducts Mahler: Symphony No. 9 5
mp3, CD
1979 RCA Red Seal
32 Song Cycles 31
mp3, CD
Brilliant Classics
33 Symphony No. 4 9
mp3, CD
2001 BBC Music Magazine
34 Symphonie No.5 8
mp3, CD
1988 Deutsche Grammophon
35 Symphony No.8 18
mp3, CD
1985 London Classics

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